Definition of Lower criticism

1. Noun. The study of existing manuscripts of the Scriptures in order to determine the original text.

Generic synonyms: Textual Criticism

Lower Criticism Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Lower Criticism

lower 48
lower GI series
lower abdominal periosteal reflex
lower airway
lower alveolar point
lower back
lower berth
lower body negative pressure
lower bound
lower cannon
lower case
lower chamber
lower chambers
lower court
lower criticism (current term)
lower deck
lower esophageal sphincter
lower extremes
lower extremity
lower eyelid
lower heating value
lower house
lower houses
lower hybrid waves
lower ivy
lower jaw
lower jawbone
lower lateral cutaneous nerve of arm

Literary usage of Lower criticism

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Report of the Proceedings by Church congress (1891)
"Between the higher and the lower criticism comes the work of popularizing and ... I admit that the lower criticism rather largely preponderates. ..."

2. The Expositor edited by Samuel Cox, William Robertson Nicoll, James Moffatt (1880)
"THE lower criticism. ... ought perhaps to have been explained sooner that the terms Higher and lower criticism are used in their technical sense, ..."

3. Christendom Anno Domini MDCCCCI ...: A Presentation of Christian Conditions edited by William Daniel Grant (1902)
"lower criticism has for a century. and more been trying to select from this immense number those which, according to acknowledged canons of literary ..."

4. The Thinker: A Review of World-wide Christian Thought (1892)
"Eichhorn calls it " higher criticism " because he makes it precede " lower criticism," and gives rules and principles by which it must test single words and ..."

5. The "higher Criticism" and the Verdict of the Monuments by Archibald Henry Sayce (1901)
"The occurrence of Greek words in the historical chapters of the Book of Daniel forms an important argument in determining its date. The " lower criticism," ..."

6. The Methodist Review (1887)
"Higher criticism differs from lower criticism, which is textual criticism, ... It touches lower criticism in the one direction, and does not hesitate to ..."

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