Definition of Ribonucleic acid

1. Noun. (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell. "Ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"

Exact synonyms: Rna
Category relationships: Biochemistry
Terms within: Ribose, A, Adenine, C, Cytosine, G, Guanine, U, Uracil
Specialized synonyms: Informational Rna, Messenger Rna, Mrna, Template Rna, Nrna, Nuclear Rna, Acceptor Rna, Soluble Rna, Transfer Rna, Trna
Terms within: Nucleic Acid
Generic synonyms: Polymer



Definition of Ribonucleic acid

1. Noun. (biochemistry) A derivative of DNA having ribose in place of deoxyribose, and uracil in place of thymine; its primary function is in the transcription of genetic material and subsequent synthesis of protein. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Medical Definition of Ribonucleic acid

1. A nucleic acid found in all living cells. Plays a role in transferring information from DNA to the protein-forming system of the cell. (16 Dec 1997)

Ribonucleic Acid Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Ribonucleic Acid

ribofuranose
ribofuranoses
ribofuranoside
ribofuranosides
ribofuranosyl
ribofuranosylthymine
ribokinase
ribonuclear
ribonuclease
ribonuclease (Bacillus subtilis)
ribonuclease (pancreatic)
ribonuclease D
ribonuclease t1
ribonucleases
ribonucleic
ribonucleic acid (current term)
ribonucleinase
ribonucleolytic
ribonucleoparticle
ribonucleoparticles
ribonucleoprotein
ribonucleoproteins
ribonucleoside
ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase
ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase
ribonucleosides
ribonucleotide
ribonucleotide polymerase
ribonucleotide reductase
ribonucleotide reductases

Literary usage of Ribonucleic acid

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Glossary of HIV/Aids-related Terms edited by Barry Leonard (1995)
"ribonucleic acid (RNA): 1. A nucleic acid, found mostly in the cytoplasm of cells, that is important in the synthesis of proteins. ..."

2. Agricultural Biotechnology: Novel Products & New Partnerships by Jane B. Segelken (1998)
"Probably the first genetic capability was through RNA (ribonucleic acid). Later, apparently, DNA (deoxy-ribonucleic acid) proved to be more effective and ..."

3. Rice Genetics II: Proceedings of the Second International Rice Genetics by International Rice Research Institute (1991)
"Ghosh HP, Ghosh K, Simsek M, RajBhandary UL (1982) Nucleotide sequence of wheat germ cytoplasmic initiator methionine transfer ribonucleic acid. ..."

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