Definition of Simulium
1. Noun. Type genus of the Simuliidae: blackflies.
Generic synonyms: Arthropod Genus
Group relationships: Family Simuliidae, Simuliidae
Member holonyms: Black Fly, Blackfly, Buffalo Gnat
Definition of Simulium
1. a tropical fly [n -S]
Medical Definition of Simulium
1. A genus of biting gnats or midges, the black flies, humpbacked flies, or buffalo gnats in the dipteran family Simuliidae. The aquatic larvae require swift-flowing streams or highly oxygenated waters for their development, a critical epidemiological factor in the role of these flies as disease vectors. In Central and South America, Mexico, and across central Africa, various species transmit Onchocerca volvulus, agent of human onchocerciasis; in North America, Onchocerca gutturosa and other onchocercid infections of cattle, horses, and various wild ruminants are transmitted by other black flies. Synonym: Eusimulium. Origin: L. Simulo, to simulate (05 Mar 2000)
Click the following link to bring up a new window with an automated collection of images related to the term: Simulium Images
Lexicographical Neighbors of Simulium
Literary usage of Simulium
Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:
1. Biological Bulletin by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.) (1911)
"SOME PARASITES OF Simulium LARV^ AND THEIR « EFFECTS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ... A brief summary of the structure, and mode of life, of the Simulium ..."
2. Psyche by Cambridge Entomological Club (1893)
"A NEW Simulium FROM SOUTHERN NEW MEXICO. BY CH TYLER TOWNSEND, ... It is well known that Simulium breeds in running water, and our species no doubt is ..."
3. Dietetics; Or, Food in Health and Disease by William Tibbles (1914)
"Therefore the occurrence and abundance of Simulium in their neighbourhood is a matter of great importance in view of their probable connection with the ..."
4. The American Naturalist by American Society of Naturalists, Essex Institute (1906)
"In addition to these there have been figured, by Meinert ('86), who refers to them as anal papilla?, the un branched gills of Simulium ornatum Meigen, ..."
5. Pellagra, an American Problem by George McCallum Niles (1912)
"His bill of indictment against the simulium reptans is based upon the ... (2) Simulium has the peculiar seasonal distribution of pellagra (spring and ..."