Definition of Shoulder

1. Noun. The part of the body between the neck and the upper arm.

Generic synonyms: Body Part
Terms within: Armpit, Axilla, Axillary Cavity, Axillary Fossa, Teres, Teres Muscle
Group relationships: Body, Torso, Trunk

2. Verb. Lift onto one's shoulders.
Generic synonyms: Bring Up, Elevate, Get Up, Lift, Raise

3. Noun. A cut of meat including the upper joint of the foreleg.
Generic synonyms: Cut, Cut Of Meat
Group relationships: Chuck

4. Verb. Push with the shoulders. "He shouldered his way into the crowd"
Generic synonyms: Thrust

5. Noun. A ball-and-socket joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula.

6. Verb. Carry a burden, either real or metaphoric. "Shoulder the burden"
Generic synonyms: Carry, Transport

7. Noun. The part of a garment that covers or fits over the shoulder. "An ornamental gold braid on the shoulder of his uniform"
Generic synonyms: Cloth Covering
Group relationships: Garment

8. Noun. A narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a road. "The car pulled off onto the shoulder"
Exact synonyms: Berm
Generic synonyms: Edge
Specialized synonyms: Hard Shoulder
Group relationships: Road, Route

Definition of Shoulder

1. n. The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with the shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and muscles about that joint.

2. v. t. To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence; to jostle.

3. v. i. To push with the shoulder; to make one's way, as through a crowd, by using the shoulders; to move swaying the shoulders from side to side.

Definition of Shoulder

1. Noun. (anatomy) The joint between the arm and the torso, sometimes including the surrounding area. ¹

2. Noun. A part of a road where drivers may stop in an emergency; a hard shoulder. ¹

3. Noun. A cut of meat comprised of the upper joint of the foreleg and the surrounding muscle. ¹

4. Noun. The portion of a garment where the shoulder is clothed. ¹

5. Noun. The portion of a hill or mountain just below the peak. ¹

6. Noun. The lateral protrusion of a hill or mountain. ¹

7. Noun. (printing) The flat portion of type that is below the bevelled portion that joins up with the face. ¹

8. Noun. (music) The rounded portion of stringed instrument where the neck joins the body. ¹

9. Noun. The rounded portion of a bottle where the neck meets the body. ¹

10. Verb. (transitive) To push (a person or thing) using one's shoulder. ¹

11. Verb. (transitive) To carry (something) on one's shoulders. ¹

12. Verb. (context: figuratively transitive) To accept responsibility for. ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Shoulder

1. to assume the burden or responsibility of [v -ED, -ING, -S]

Medical Definition of Shoulder

1. 1. The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with the shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and muscles about that joint. 2. The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint; the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; often used in the plural. "Then by main force pulled up, and on his shoulders bore The gates of Azza." (Milton) "Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair." (Dryden) 3. That which supports or sustains; support. "In thy shoulder do I build my seat." (Shak) 4. That which resembles a human shoulder, as any protuberance or projection from the body of a thing. "The north western shoulder of the mountain." (Sir W. Scott) 5. The upper joint of the fore leg and adjacent parts of an animal, dressed for market; as, a shoulder of mutton. 6. The angle of a bastion included between the face and flank. 7. An abrupt projection which forms an abutment on an object, or limits motion, etc, as the projection around a tenon at the end of a piece of timber, the part of the top of a type which projects beyond the base of the raised character, etc. Shoulder belt, a belt that passes across the shoulder. Shoulder blade, a narrow strap worn on the shoulder of a commissioned officer, indicating, by a suitable device, the rank he holds in the service. Origin: OE. Shulder, shuldre, schutder, AS. Sculdor; akin to D. Schoulder, G. Schulter, OHG. Scultarra, Dan. Skulder, Sw. Skuldra. Source: Websters Dictionary (01 Mar 1998)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Shoulder

should of
shoulder (current term)
shoulder-girdle syndrome
shoulder-hand syndrome
shoulder angel
shoulder angels
shoulder arms
shoulder bag
shoulder bags
shoulder blade
shoulder blades
shoulder board
shoulder bone
shoulder bursitis

Literary usage of Shoulder

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Monographic Medicine by William Robie Patten Emerson, Guido Guerrini, William Brown, Wendell Christopher Phillips, John Whitridge Williams, John Appleton Swett, Hans Günther, Mario Mariotti, Hugh Grant Rowell (1916)
"Examination of the Muscles, Bones and Joints of the Upper Extremity (a) Examination of the Region of the shoulder Fractures and dislocations ..."

2. Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical by Henry Gray (1901)
"They are four in number : an upper or thoracic pair, connected with the thorax through the intervention of the shoulder, and subservient mainly to ..."

3. Cunningham's Manual of Practical Anatomy by Daniel John Cunningham, Arthur Robinson (1914)
"ARTICULATIO HUMERI (shoulder-JOINT). Before proceeding to the dissection of the forearm it is advisable to study the shoulder-joint, because if this is ..."

4. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences by Southern Society for Clinical Investigation (U.S.) (1890)
"After the introduction of the hand the membranes are ruptured, if yet intact, and pressure is made upon the shoulder toward the child's pelvis in the ..."

5. The Iliad of Homer by Homer, John Graham Cordery (1871)
"... where the shoulder meets The collar, with huge sword ... sheer The shoulder from the throat and neck and back. 180 These leaving, fast he followed on ..."

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