Definition of Medulla oblongata

1. Noun. Lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; ('bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata). "The medulla oblongata is the most vital part of the brain because it contains centers controlling breathing and heart functioning"

Exact synonyms: Bulb, Medulla
Generic synonyms: Neural Structure
Group relationships: Brain Stem, Brain-stem, Brainstem
Terms within: Respiratory Center
Derivative terms: Bulbar, Medullary

Definition of Medulla oblongata

1. Noun. The lower portion of the brainstem. ¹

¹ Source:

Medical Definition of Medulla oblongata

1. The lowest subdivision of the brainstem, immediately adjacent to the spinal cord. Houses important cardiac and respiratory regulatory centres. (27 Sep 1997)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Medulla Oblongata

medroxyprogesterone 17-acetate
medroxyprogesterone acetate
medulla glandulae suprarenalis
medulla nodi lymphatici
medulla oblongata (current term)
medulla of adrenal gland
medulla of hair shaft
medulla of kidney
medulla of lymph node
medulla ossium
medulla ossium flava
medulla ossium rubra
medulla renalis
medulla spinalis
medullary arteries of brain
medullary bone

Literary usage of Medulla oblongata

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical by Henry Gray (1901)
"The medulla oblongata is directed from above obliquely downward and backward; ... It is pyramidal The medulla oblongata or metencephalon, known also as the ..."

2. The Anatomy of the Nervous System from the Standpoint of Development and by Stephen Walter Ranson (1920)
"CHAPTER IX THE STRUCTURE OF THE medulla oblongata THE medulla oblongata contains the nerve-cells and fiber tracts associated with certain of the cranial ..."

3. Anatomy, Descriptive and Applied by Henry Gray (1913)
"The medulla oblongata (spinal bulb).—The medulla oblongata is the lowest and smallest division of the brain; its structure, however, is extremely complex, ..."

4. The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and General (1890)
"The medulla oblongata, like the spinal cord, with which it is continuous, consists both of grey and white matter. But the exterior of the medulla is not so ..."

5. The Practitioner by Gale Group, ProQuest Information and Learning Company (1884)
"THE medulla oblongata, which forms the bond of union between the brain and spinal ... 3 The physiology of the medulla oblongata is just as imperfect and ..."

6. Handbook of physiology by William Senhouse Kirkes (1873)
"As in structure, so also in the general endowments of their several parts, there is, probably, the closest analogy between the medulla oblongata and the ..."

Other Resources:

Search for Medulla oblongata on!Search for Medulla oblongata on!Search for Medulla oblongata on Google!Search for Medulla oblongata on Wikipedia!