Definition of Cambium

1. Noun. A formative one-cell layer of tissue between xylem and phloem in most vascular plants that is responsible for secondary growth.

Generic synonyms: Vascular Tissue
Derivative terms: Cambial



2. Noun. The inner layer of the periosteum.
Group relationships: Periosteum
Generic synonyms: Stratum
Derivative terms: Cambial

Definition of Cambium

1. n. A series of formative cells lying outside of the wood proper and inside of the inner bark. The growth of new wood takes place in the cambium, which is very soft.

Definition of Cambium

1. Noun. (botany) A layer of cells between the xylem and the phloem that is responsible for the secondary growth of roots and stems. ¹

2. Noun. (obsolete) One of the humours formerly believed to nourish the bodily organs. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Cambium

1. a layer of plant tissue [n -BIUMS or -BIA]

Medical Definition of Cambium

1. Meristematic plant tissue, commonly present as a thin layer which forms new cells on both sides. Located either in vascular tissue (vascular cambium), forming xylem on one side and phloem on the other or in cork (cork cambium or phellogen). Inner region of the periosteum from which osteoblasts differentiate. (08 Oct 1997)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Cambium

camazepam
cambendazole
camber
camber-keeled
camber arch
cambered
cambering
cambers
cambia
cambial
cambism
cambisms
cambist
cambistry
cambists
cambium (current term)
cambium layer
cambiums
camblet
camblets
camboge
camboges
cambogia
cambogias
camboose
cambooses
cambrasine
cambre
cambrel
cambrels

Literary usage of Cambium

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The Encyclopaedia Britannica: “a” Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature edited by Hugh Chisholm (1911)
"The ' bundles of plants which form cambium arc, on the contrary, called often. In stems with open bundles the formation oí cambium and secondary tissue nay ..."

2. The Journal of General Physiology by Society of General Physiologists, Rockefeller Institute, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (1920)
"During the last few years, I have had occasion to devote considerable attention to the study of the cambium of the higher plants, in endeavoring to ..."

3. Identification of the Economic Woods of the United States: Including a by Samuel James Record (1919)
"SECONDARY WOOD Tissues formed from cambium are termed secondary. Almost all of the wood of a stem is secondary wood, the small amount of primary wood being ..."

4. Identification of the Economic Woods of the United States: Including a by Samuel James Record (1919)
"During vigorous growth, "when the sap is up," the cells of the cambium are particularly delicate, a fact taken advantage of in peeling poles, logs, ..."

5. Handbook of Practical Botany for the Botanical Laboratory and Private Student by Eduard Strasburger, William Hillhouse (1900)
"In the immediate neighbourhood of the cambium we see the young wood composed of ... What we have called cambium consists of an Initial layer of cells (Fig. ..."

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