Definition of Brain-stem

1. Noun. The part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus.

Exact synonyms: Brain Stem, Brainstem
Generic synonyms: Neural Structure
Group relationships: Brain, Encephalon
Terms within: Bulb, Medulla, Medulla Oblongata, Pons, Pons Varolii, Reticular Formation, Rf

Lexicographical Neighbors of Brain-stem

brain-derived growth factor
brain-derived neurotrophic factor
brain-heart infusion agar
brain-specific kinase
brain-stem (current term)
brain abscess
brain aneurysm
brain bleach
brain cancer
brain cancers
brain cell
brain cells
brain cicatrix

Literary usage of Brain-stem

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Handbook of Severe Disability: A Text for Rehabilitation Counselors, Other edited by Walter C. Stolov, Michael R. Clowers (2000)
"Furthermore, brain stem strokes may produce paralysis of the cranial nerves, ... One of the more disabling symptoms in brain stem strokes is a swallowing ..."

2. The Elements of Scientific Psychology by Knight Dunlap (1922)
"Similarly, the efferent neurons leave the spinal cord or brain stem through the spinal or ... The brain stem is composed of the medulla, pons, and thalami, ..."

3. Physiology and Biochemistry in Modern Medicine by John James Rickard Macleod (1922)
"In their passage through the brain stem impulses for all qualities of sensation follow tracts which are grouped together closely in the opposite side from ..."

4. The Fundamentals of Psychology by Walter Bowers Pillsbury (1916)
"CHAPTER II THE NERVOUS SYSTEM —CORD AND BRAIN STEM BROADLY speaking, the physical basis of mind is to be found in the nervous system. ..."

5. Physiology for Dental Students by Roy Gentry Pearce, John James Rickard Macleod (1915)
"The Brain Stem and the Cranial Nerves. The Brain Stem. ... 45 and 46), compose the brain stem, which is really an upward extension of the grey matter, ..."

6. Diseases of the nervous system: A Text-book of Neurology and Psychiatry by Smith Ely Jelliffe, William Alanson White (1917)
"LESIONS involving the medulla, pons, brain stem or midbrain do not differ essentially in their kind from those already discussed as involving the spinal ..."

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