Definition of Trachoma

1. Noun. A chronic contagious viral disease marked by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye and the formation of scar tissue.

Generic synonyms: Eye Disease

Definition of Trachoma

1. n. Granular conjunctivitis due to a specific micrococcus.

Definition of Trachoma

1. Noun. (medicine) An infectious disease of the eyelid caused by the bacterium ''Chlamydia trachomatis'' ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Trachoma

1. a disease of the eye [n -S]

Medical Definition of Trachoma

1. A chronic infectious disease of the conjunctiva and cornea, producing photophobia, pain, lacrimation and blindness. It is one of the oldest infectious diseases known to mankind, and dates back several thousand years with first documentation as early as the pharaonic era in Egypt. The disease is associated with poor socioeconomic conditions in general: with overcrowding, poor personal and environmental hygiene and, in particular, with very limited access to water and sanitation. Trachoma has been eliminated as a blinding disease from several previously hyperendemic countries and regions, both through significant improvements in the socioeconomic status of populations and through specific control efforts. Despite these successes, in many least developed countries of the world blinding trachoma continues to be an important public health problem. In some of the countries where trachoma was once hyperendemic, there remain residual pockets of blinding trachoma and complications, such as inturned eyelashes (trichiasis), which require eyelid surgery. Today, the disease is found mainly in poor rural areas, including parts of central and south America, most African countries and some countries in the Eastern Mediterranean. Trachoma is still endemic in several Asian countries, but there is a lack of updated information from some major populations, e.g. In India and China. The organism that causes this disease is Chlamydia trachomatis; a microorganism resembling both bacteria and viruses, which spreads through contact with eye discharge from the infected person (on towels, handkerchiefs, fingers, etc.) and through transmission by eye-seeking flies. Chlamydia trachomatis provokes an inflammatory reaction in the eye with formation of follicles in the conjunctiva. After years of repeated infections, the inside of the eyelids may be scarred so severely that the eyelid turns inwards with eyelashes rubbing on the eyeball. If untreated, this condition leads to blindness. The World Health Organization is working towards global elimination of trachoma, which is responsible, at present, for at least 15% of the world's blindness. Worldwide, there are about 6 million people largely irreversibly blinded by trachoma, and an estimated 146 million cases of active disease in need of treatment, if blindness is to be prevented. International efforts to eliminate trachoma as a blinding disease will be based on a combination of interventions known by the acronym "SAFE", which stands for Surgery for trichiasis (inturned eyelashes), Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement. These interventions will be community-targeted and will seek community involvement through the primary health care approach. Origin: Gr. Trachoma = roughness (07 May 1998)

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Trachoma

tracheostomy tube
tracheotomy hook
tracheotomy tube
trachoma (current term)
trachoma bodies
trachoma glands
trachoma virus
trachomatous conjunctivitis
trachomatous keratitis
trachomatous pannus

Literary usage of Trachoma

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Preventive Medicine and Hygiene by Milton Joseph Rosenau, George Chandler Whipple, John William Trask, Thomas William Salmon (1916)
"trachoma flourishes best where sanitary conditions are worst. The control of trachoma consists in eliminating the foci of the disease, improving personal ..."

2. Annals of Ophthalmology (1917)
"It is distinguished from trachoma by the roundish, transparent or yellowish, well defined bodies of smaller size, systematically arranged in rows, ..."

3. Ophthalmic Literature (1921)
"Clear evidence of the infectivity of trachoma was a striking feature. The source of infection would be a case of chronic trachoma. The infected cases showed ..."

4. Text-book of Ophthalmology by Ernst Fuchs (1908)
"Investigations have shown (Muller, Morax) that in Egypt almost every native suffers from trachoma, with which as a rule he has been infected already in ..."

5. Public Health Papers and Reports by American Public Health Association (1908)
"In some countries, as Poland or Russia, trachoma is the cause of almost fifty ... trachoma is a chronic disease, difficult and sometimes impossible to cure, ..."

6. Text-book of Ophthalmology by Ernst Fuchs (1911)
"trachoma, therefore, not only appears under a varying clinical aspect, sometimes acute and threatening, sometimes chronic and mild, but it also seems to ..."

7. Transactions of the Fifteenth International Congress on Hygiene and (1913)
"For the past two years the New York City Health Department has been studying trachoma and allied conditions and it plans to continue these studies for about ..."

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