Definition of Papillary muscle

1. Noun. Any of several muscles associated with the atrioventricular valves. "The papillary muscles contract during systole to prevent regurgitation of blood into the atria"

Generic synonyms: Cardiac Muscle, Heart Muscle
Group relationships: Atrioventricular Valve



Medical Definition of Papillary muscle

1. Small muscles within the heart which anchor the heart valves. (12 Dec 1998)

Papillary Muscle Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Papillary Muscle

papillae filiformes
papillae foliatae
papillae fungiformes
papillae of corium
papillar
papillary
papillary adenocarcinoma
papillary adenoma of large intestine
papillary carcinoma
papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum
papillary cystic adenoma
papillary ducts
papillary foramina of kidney
papillary layer
papillary muscle (current term)
papillary muscle dysfunction
papillary muscle syndrome
papillary muscles
papillary necrosis
papillary process
papillary stasis
papillary tumor
papillary tumour
papillate
papillectomies
papillectomy
papilledema
papilledemas
papilliferous

Literary usage of Papillary muscle

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The Practitioner by Gale Group, ProQuest Information and Learning Company (1899)
"papillary muscle and attached fully one-half of an inch from the aortic cusp upon its ventricular surface, and somewhat to the left of the median line. ..."

2. Cunningham's Manual of Practical Anatomy by Daniel John Cunningham, Arthur Robinson (1914)
"wall of the left ventricle forwards till the base of a large papillary muscle which springs from its internal surface is exposed ; carry the incision ..."

3. Kirkes' Handbook of Physiology by William Senhouse Kirkes, Charles Wilson Greene (1922)
"C, Anterior papillary muscle. (After MacCallum.) FIG. 140.—Diagram of the Course of ... A, Posterior papillary muscle; B, papillary muscle of the septum. ..."

4. Anatomy, Descriptive and Applied by Henry Gray (1913)
"... arteriosus pass to the anterior papillary muscle, those from the lower half to the posterior papillary muscle and the papillary muscles of the septum. ..."

5. A System of medicine v. 2, 1868 by John Russell Reynolds (1877)
"F, anterior • i;'ill»rY muscle ; c, superior papillary muscle ; II », inferior papillary muscles ; • tab-segment occupying the angle ..."

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