Definition of Nitrile

1. Noun. Any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN.

Exact synonyms: Cyanide, Nitril
Generic synonyms: Organic Compound
Specialized synonyms: Acrylonitrile, Propenonitrile, Vinyl Cyanide



Definition of Nitrile

1. n. Any one of a series of cyanogen compounds; particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia.

Definition of Nitrile

1. Noun. (chemistry) any of a class of organic compounds containing a cyano functional group -C?N ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Nitrile

1. a chemical compound [n -S]

Medical Definition of Nitrile

1. Any one of a series of cyanogen compounds; particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia. The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is formic nitrile, and methyl cyanide is acetic nitrile. See: Nitro-. Source: Websters Dictionary (01 Mar 1998)

Nitrile Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Nitrile

nitriding
nitridings
nitrids
nitriferous
nitrification
nitrifications
nitrified
nitrifier
nitrifiers
nitrifies
nitrify
nitrifying
nitril
nitrilase
nitrilases
nitrile (current term)
nitrile hydratase
nitrile imide
nitrile rubber
nitrile rubbers
nitriles
nitrilimine
nitrilimines
nitrilium
nitriliums
nitrilo-
nitriloacetic
nitriloside
nitrilotriacetate
nitrilotriacetate dehydrogenase

Literary usage of Nitrile

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The Phase Rule and Its Applications by Alexander Findlay (1908)
"If the temperature be now raised so as to cause the disappearance of the ice, and the addition of nitrile be continued, the concentration of the nitrile in ..."

2. Journal of the American Chemical Society by American Chemical Society (1912)
"had an angle of —0.90° in a 2 dcm. tube, showing that dextro nitrile was produced. If the formation of the two different nitriles is due to two different ..."

3. The Practical Methods of Organic Chemistry by Ludwig Gattermann, William Bush Schober (1919)
"REACTION: PREPARATION OF AN ACID-nitrile FROM AN ACID-AMIDE EXAMPLE : Acetonitrile from Acetamide' To 15 grammes of phosphoric anhydride, contained in a ..."

4. Review of American Chemical Research by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1899)
"was formed and not the nitrile, which is usually formed by this reaction. The corresponding ethyl derivative (bp 170° at 22 mm. ..."

5. Technology Quarterly and Proceedings of the Society of Arts by Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Society of Arts (1899)
"was formed and not the nitrile, which is usually formed by this reaction. The corresponding ethyl derivative (bp 17o° at 22 mm. ..."

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