Definition of Musculus trapezius

1. Noun. Either of two flat triangular muscles of the shoulder and upper back that are involved in moving the shoulders and arms.




Medical Definition of Musculus trapezius

1. Origin, medial third of superior nuchal line, external occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, spinous processes of seventh cervical and the thoracic vertebrae and corresponding supraspinous ligaments; insertion, lateral third of posterior surface of clavicle, anterior side of acromion, and upper and medial border of the spine of the scapula; action, when scapulae are fixed, portions of muscle can act independently: cervical portion elevates scapula, thoracic portion contributes to depression of scapula; upper and lowermost portions act simultaneously to rotate glenoid fossa superiorly; when the entire muscle and especially middle part contracts, the scapulae retract; draws head to one side or backward; nerve supply, motor by accessory, sensory by cervical plexus. Synonym: musculus trapezius, cowl muscle, trapezius. (05 Mar 2000)

Musculus Trapezius Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Musculus Trapezius

musculus trachelomastoideus
musculus tragicus
musculus transversalis capitis
musculus transversalis cervicis
musculus transversalis nasi
musculus transversospinalis
musculus transversus auriculae
musculus transversus linguae
musculus transversus menti
musculus transversus nuchae
musculus transversus perinei superficialis
musculus transversus thoracis
musculus trapezius (current term)
musculus triangularis
musculus triangularis labii inferioris
musculus triangularis labii superioris
musculus triangularis sterni
musculus triceps brachii
musculus triceps coxae
musculus triceps surae
musculus triticeoglossus
musculus unipennatus
musculus uvulae
musculus vastus externus
musculus vastus intermedius
musculus vastus internus
musculus vastus lateralis

Literary usage of Musculus trapezius

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Cunningham's Manual of Practical Anatomy by Daniel John Cunningham, Arthur Robinson (1914)
"musculus trapezius.—The trapezius and latissimus dorsi constitute the first layer of the muscles of the back. Only that part of the trapezius which lies ..."

2. Handbuch der speziellen Pathologie und Therapie innerer Krankheiten by Hermann Eichhorst (1907)
"... Krampf des musculus trapezius, so wird der Kopf stärker nach hinten und die Schulter nach oben gezogen, so daß es mitunter zwischen Hinterhaupt und ..."

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