Definition of Large calorie
1. Noun. A unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food.
Generic synonyms: Energy Unit, Heat Unit, Work Unit
Terms within: Calorie, Gram Calorie, Small Calorie
Derivative terms: Caloric
Medical Definition of Large calorie
1. The quantity of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water 1°C, more precisely from 14.5° to 15.5°C; it is 1000 times the value of the small calorie; used in measurements of the heat production of chemical reactions, including those involved in biology. Synonym: kilocalorie, kilogram calorie. (05 Mar 2000)
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Lexicographical Neighbors of Large Calorie
Literary usage of Large calorie
Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:
1. Explosives and Their Power by Marcellin Berthelot, C. Napier Hake, William Macnab (1892)
"has rendered necessary the use of a unit Ia thousand times greater; this is the large Calorie, the quantity j of heat necessary to raise 1 kgm. of water ..."
2. Principles of Metallurgy: An Introduction to the Metallurgy of the Metals by Charles Herman Fulton (1910)
"The heat units ordinarily used are the following: (1) large calorie. This is the amount of heat required to raise one kilogram of pure water one degree C., ..."
3. Organic Agricultural Chemistry (the Chemistry of Plants and Animals): A by Joseph Scudder Chamberlain (1916)
"In calculating human foods the unit usually employed is the Calorie (large calorie). In English standards the Calorie is approximately equivalent to the ..."
4. Lectures on Chemical Pathology in Its Relation to Practical Medicine by Christian Archibald Herter (1902)
"Such a unit exists in the large calorie (Cal.), which represents the amount of heat required to ... One large calorie is thus equal to 1000 small calories. ..."
5. Ready Reference Tables: Volume I. Conversion Factors of Every Unit Or by Carl Hering (1904)
"The small calorie or gram calorie, equal to one thousandth of the large calorie, is the amount of heat that will raise the temperature of 1 gram of water ..."
6. Diseases of the Stomach, Intestines, and Pancreas by Robert Coleman Kemp (1917)
"A large calorie is the amount necessary to raise i kilogram of water i°C. Hence a large calorie equals 1000 small calories. i gm. carbohydrate yields 4.1 ..."
7. Van Nostrand's Chemical Annual by John Charles Olsen, Alfred Melhado, T.R. LeCompte, D. Van Nostrand Company (1914)
"THE large calorie is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water one degree centigrade. It is therefore one thousand times ..."