Definition of Chloramphenicol

1. Noun. An oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever).

Exact synonyms: Chloromycetin
Generic synonyms: Antibiotic, Antibiotic Drug



Definition of Chloramphenicol

1. Noun. (medicine) A broad-spectrum antibiotic originally derived from the bacterium ''Streptomyces venezuelae'' but now produced synthetically ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Chloramphenicol

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Chloramphenicol

1. A broad-spectrum antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis in prokaryotes and in mitochondria and chloroplasts by acting on the 50S ribosomal subunit. It was first isolated from the fungus like bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae but is now produced synthetically. It is relatively toxic but finds wide application in medicine. (01 Dec 1998)

Chloramphenicol Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Chloramphenicol

chloraloses
chlorals
chloralum
chloraluminite
chlorambucil
chloramide
chloramides
chloramine
chloramine-T
chloramine B
chloramine T
chloramines
chloraminophene
chloramiphene
chloramizole
chloramphenicol (current term)
chloramphenicol 3'-O-phosphotransferase
chloramphenicol acetyltransferase
chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene
chloramphenicol amidase
chloramphenicol o-acetyltransferase
chloramphenicol palmitate
chloramphenicol resistance
chloramphenicol sodium succinate
chlorane
chloranil
chloranilic acid
chlorapatite
chlorapatites

Literary usage of Chloramphenicol

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The Journal of Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics (1888)
"There was no indication that aureomycin, chloramphenicol, spiramycin and terramycin ... Smith (1954) found that chloramphenicol was absorbed better than ..."

2. Design, Operation and Training Manual for an Intensive Culture Shrimp Hatchery by Granvil D. Treece, Joe M. Fox (1999)
"Drug resistant strains of the luminous bacteria have been isolated in areas where commonly used antibiotics such as chloramphenicol, penicillins, ..."

3. The Journal of Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics (1888)
"These resistant strains were isolated from 3 piglets, i calf and 4 dogs, but there appeared to be no cross-resistance between ampicillin, chloramphenicol ..."

4. Impacts Of Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria by DIANE Publishing Company (1996)
"penicillins and other ß-lactam antibiotics and the enzyme that inactivates chloramphenicol. The detection of the ß-lactamases requires only a few minutes ..."

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