Definition of Acetone body

1. Noun. A ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders.

Exact synonyms: Ketone Body
Generic synonyms: Ketone
Specialized synonyms: Acetoacetic Acid, Beta-hydroxybutyric Acid

Medical Definition of Acetone body

1. Any of the three compounds created by acetyl coenzyme A (acetoacetate, hydroxybutyrate, and acetone) which are water-soluble cellular fuels normally exported by the liver. They can build up in the blood and body tissues because of starvation, untreated diabetes mellitus, or other disorders that interfere with carbohydrate metabolism. The body rids itself of ketones mainly through urine, but it rids itself of acetone through the lungs, which gives the breath a characteristic fruity odour. If ketones build up in the body long enough, they cause serious illness and coma (see ketoacidosis.) (09 Oct 1997)

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Acetone Body

acetolactic acid
acetolactic acids
acetone-butanol fermentation
acetone-insoluble antigen
acetone body (current term)
acetone carboxylase
acetone chloroform
acetone compound
acetone fixative
acetone monooxygenase
acetone peroxide
acetone test

Literary usage of Acetone body

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Chemical Pathology: Being a Discussion of General Pathology from the by Harry Gideon Wells (1914)
"In diabetes there is an acetone body output because sugar, ... As it is, a greater lessening of the acetone body output and a smaller increase of glycosuria ..."

2. Principles and practice of infant feeding by Julius Hays Hess (1922)
"acetone body Acidosis. Acidosis in the course of diabetes is a recognized representative of this type. The development of hyperpnea and drowsiness, ..."

3. Clinical therapeutics: A Handbook on the Special Treatment of Internal Disease by Alfred Careño Croftan (1907)
"This generally constitutes a danger, because this type in a large proportion of cases coma seems to be more liable to occur when the acetone body excretion ..."

4. The Harvey Lectures by Harvey Society of New York, New York Academy of Medicine (1918)
"Von Noorden is one of the very few who imagine that the muscles can burn only sugar, which the liver forms from fat for their use, and that acetone body ..."

5. Practical physiological chemistry by Philip Bovier Hawk (1918)
"Combined reagents for total acetone body determination—i liter of the above 50 per cent sulphuric acid, 3.5 liters of the mercuric sulphate, ..."

6. A Manual of Selected Biochemical Methods as Applied to Urine, Blood and by Frank Pell Underhill (1921)
"... precipitate when boiled with mercuric sulphate, nor otherwise interfere with any of the acetone body determinations. 1 Van Slyke and Fitz: Jour. Biol. ..."

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